The Egyptian Ministry of Tourism (MOT)
The Egyptian Ministry of Tourism (MOT) is the Government authority providing overall management and guidance to the tourism sector with the objective of supporting economic development, regional competitiveness and support sustainable development. The Ministry coordinates with all stakeholders or beneficiaries of the tourism sector in Egypt including local and international investors, tour operators, air and water regional and international transport companies, local public agencies, and international development and donor organizations.
Stemming from its commitment to sustainable development, the Ministry formed a Green Tourism Unit (GTU) to guide and manage the transition toward green tourism practice. In 2013, the Ministry in cooperation with the Egyptian Hotel Association (EHA) launched the ‘Green Star Hotel’ certification program which recognizes the greener performance of hotels operating in Egypt. Prior to its official launch, this program was created and tested in over 50 hotels in Egypt as a result of a public-private initiative supported by GIZ (2007-2013). For more information click here
Egypt, officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country linking the northeast corner of Africa with southwest corner of Asia, via a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula. It is the world’s only contiguous Eurafrasian nation and most of Egypt’s territory of 1,010,408 square kilometres (390,000 sq mi) lies within the Nile River Valley. Millennia-old monuments still sit along the fertile Nile River Valley, including the colossal Pyramids and Sphinx at Giza and the hieroglyph-lined Karnak Temple and Valley of the Kings tombs in Luxor. It is a Mediterranean country and is bordered by the Gaza Strip and Israel the the northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba to the east, the Red Sea to the east and south, Sudan to the south and Libya to the west.The capital, Cairo, is home to Ottoman landmarks such as Muhammad Ali Mosque.
Most of Egypt’s rain falls in the winter months. South of Cairo, rainfall averages only around 2 to 5 mm (0.1 to 0.2 in) per year and at intervals of many years. On a very thin strip of the northern coast the rainfall can be as high as 410 mm (16.1 in), mostly between October and March. Snow falls on Sinai’s mountains and some of the north coastal cities such as Damietta, Baltim, Sidi Barrany, etc. and rarely in Alexandria. Frost is also known in mid-Sinai and mid-Egypt. Egypt is the driest and the sunniest country in the world, and most of its land surface is desert.
Egypt has an unusually hot, sunny and dry climate. Average high temperatures are high in the north but very to extremely high in the rest of the country during summer. The cooler Mediterranean winds consistently blow over the northern sea coast, which helps to get more moderated temperatures, especially at the height of the summertime. The Khamaseen is a hot, dry wind that originates from the vast deserts in the south and that essentially blows in the spring or in the early summer, bringing scorching sand and dust particles, and usually brings daytime temperatures over 40 °C (104 °F) and sometimes over 50 °C (122 °F) more in the interior, while the relative humidity can drop to 5% or even less. The absolute highest temperatures in Egypt occur when the Khamaseen blows.
The official language of the Arab Republic of Egypt is Modern Standard Arabic. Arabic was adopted by the Egyptians after the Arab invasion of Egypt. The spoken languages are: Egyptian Arabic (68%), Sa’idi Arabic (29%), Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Arabic (1.6%), Sudanese Arabic (0.6%), Domari (0.3%), Nobiin (0.3%), Beja (0.1%), Siwi and others. Additionally, Greek, Armenian and Italian are the main languages of immigrants. In Alexandria in the 19th century there was a large community of Italian Egyptians and Italian was the “lingua franca” of the city.The main foreign languages taught in schools, by order of popularity, are English, French, German and Italian.
Historical Egyptian languages, also known as Copto-Egyptian, consist of ancient Egyptian and Coptic, and form a separate branch among the family of Afro-Asiatic languages. The “Koiné” dialect of the Greek language, though not native to Egypt, was important in Hellenistic Alexandria. It was used extensively in the philosophy and science of that culture. Later translations from Greek to Arabic became the subject of study by Arab scholars.