The developing countries account for a substantial share – around 16 per cent – of the world travel market, and the figure is increasing. Tourism provides employment for millions of people, but it also creates a number of problems, such as degradation of the natural environment and high resource consumption at local people’s expense.
On behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH is engaged in 59 projects which aim to make tourism more sustainable so that it benefits nature conservation and local communities alike.
The examples presented in this Theme Pack show how GIZ is supporting sustainable tourism – in regions with mass tourism, but also in largely unexplored areas whose natural attractions and cultural heritage have yet to be opened up to tourism.
A temple at Sambor Prei Kuk, formerly Isanapura, capital of the Kingdom of Chenla © Michael Meyer
GIZ, together with many other organisations, is a member of the Global Partnership for Sustainable Tourism, which aims to inject sustainability principles into the tourism mainstream. From 25 to 27 March 2013 – soon after ITB – Germany will host the Annual Meeting of this global initiative, which has 83 members, including national governments, municipalities, tourism industry companies, international organisations and non-governmental organisations from the EU Member States and developing countries. On the first day of the Annual Meeting, GIZ will hold a symposium, which is open to the public and will include a discussion on ‘Tourism Growth – Sustainable, Green and Inclusive?’ chaired by GIZ’s tourism expert Klaus Lengefeld.